Section of Decision Sciences


Research conducted by SDS faculty members involves observational cohort studies, qualitative and mixed-methods research, behavioral experimentation, clinical trials, and modeling such as agent-based modeling, equation-based dynamic modeling, and Markov cohort decision analysis. Examples of past and current projects by our faculty include:

Chung-Chou H. (Joyce) Chang, PhD

  • Cardiovascular disease mechanisms in HIV infected and uninfected veterans
  • Improve outcomes in HIV/AIDS, alcohol, aging, and multi-substance use
  • A prospective study on mild cognitive impairment
  • Understand race and culture in living donor kidney
  • Pediatric acute liver failure studies
  • Temporally oriented subjective well-being across transitions—resources and outcomes
  • Role of physician networks in the adoption on new prescription drugs
  • Modeling strategies for observational CER
  • Procalcitonin antibiotic consensus trial
  • Late cardiovascular consequences of septic shock


Janel Hanmer, MD, PhD

  • Creation of a health utility score for PROMIS
  • Validation of health utility scores for population health management using social determinants of health
  • Quality adjusted life expectancy estimates for the US general population
  • Crosswalks between health utility scores
  • Estimating the impact of chronic health conditions in the US general population


Kevin L. Kraemer, MD, MSc

  • Cost-effectiveness of screening and brief intervention for unhealthy alcohol use in medical settings
  • Health utility ratings for alcohol- and drug-related health states
  • Cost-effectiveness of screening for unhealthy alcohol use with % carbohydrate deficient transferrin
  • Applying the payoff time framework to carotid artery disease management
  • Comparative effectiveness of alcohol and drug treatment in HIV-infected Veterans
  • Cost-effectiveness of oral vs. injection naltrexone in the hospital for alcoholism
  • Cost-effectiveness of connect-to-quit tobacco intervention among low-income veterans


Tamar Krishnamurti, PhD

  • Minimizing adverse pregnancy outcomes using a smartphone app-based behavioral tool
  • Creating and evaluating patient-centered informed consent delivery for clinical trial participants
  • Synthesizing and communicating quality of scientific evidence
  • Motivators and obstacles for delivering pre-exposure prophylaxis to young African women
  • Spending choices of participants in a contingency management program in S. Africa


Kenneth J. Smith, MD, MS

  • Future of influenza vaccine strategies given interference and choice
  • Analyzing adult pneumococcal vaccination implementation in the underserved
  • Pragmatic trial of behavioral interventions for insomnia in hypertensive patients
  • Mobility and Vitality Lifestyle Program (MOVE UP) for older adults with overweight and obesity
  • Cluster randomized trial of a primary palliative care intervention (CONNECT) in advanced cancer
  • Alternative strategies for adult pneumococcal vaccination
  • Virtual continuity and its impact on complex hospitalized patient care
  • Optimal strategies for pelvic inflammatory disease prevention and management
  • Enhancing the effectiveness of physical therapy for individuals with knee osteoarthritis
  • Diabetes cost-effectiveness core
  • Quality of life utility values for erectile dysfunction


Search NIH RePORTER by faculty name for up-to-date information about our NIH-funded projects.

Contact Us

Division of General Internal Medicine Academic Offices

UPMC Montefiore Hospital
Suite W933
Pittsburgh, PA 15213

Patient/Clinical Inquiries


Administrative Office